Wednesday, April 28, 2010

Tuesday, April 27, 2010

Monday, April 26, 2010

Wednesday, April 21, 2010

An Example of Report Text

Here is an example of Report Text. Please, analyze the generic structure.
Generic Structure
General classification
Computers are machines that handle information automatically. They can perform calculations and process data. Computers can work with number to solve problems in a few seconds. Computers can remember a great deal of information and make practically no mistakes. That is why computers are widely used in places such as banks, offices and companies.
Description of How computer work
Description of computer parts and their functions
Computers work like calculators. But most calculations can do only one thing at time. We tell them what to do by pressing various buttons. To do the same work, we can give a series of instructions to a computer. We call this is a computer program. If we step up a program, the computer can provide other information, such as a list, numbers, letters, words or even graphs or pictures. Once we provide a program, the computer can do all this work automatically without further help or instruction.
A computer stores and handles numbers. The numbers may be mathematicall formulas or columns figures. The numbers may be codes that stand for letters of the alphabet, words or instructions to the computer.
All computers have three basic parts:
1. input and output units (I/O). The input unit takes in the information and instructions, and the output unit gives the results.
2. A central processing unit (CPU). This unit does the work of computing.
3. A memory. It stores or remembers the informations and instructions that the CPU needs to do the work.
I/O. One of them is video-terminal. The video terminal has a typewriter like keyboards and screen like television screen. We can see the output of the computer on the screen. If we need a permanent record of a computer’s output, a printer will make it. And if the computer’s main memory can not hold enough information, magnetic disk or tapes can be used for this purpose. The computer then can turn the information stored on the disks or tapes into numbers or letters.

Tuesday, April 20, 2010

Report Text

Report text functions to provide factual information about general characteristics of a certain thing, living or non-living thing. Information Reports classify and describe the phenomena of our world. This text is different from Descriptive text, which functions to give detail informations about a certain thing but not for generalizing it. This kind of text is used almost in every subject at school, so the competence to make or to understand this kind of text is an important part to develop the literate competence of the students at school. As the result, the teaching of this text does not only influence on the English literate development at school but also in other languages, even in their mother language.
The generic structure of a Report text is :
  • General Classification : tells what the phenomenon under discussion is.
  • Description : tells what the phenomenon under discussion is like in terms of - parts (and their functions)
- qualities
- habits or behaviours, if living; uses, if non-natural

Tuesday, April 13, 2010

Procedure Text

Let’s make a birthday card. Here is the paper for you to share. You can choose different colours.
We will make the card first, then the envelope.
Let’s start. Cut the paper.
You can draw a picture on it.
What picture do you like? A candle, balloon, or a flower
Next, we are going to make the envelope.
Take another piece of paper, and then fold.
Finished? Show me your envelope, please.
Then put some glue on your envelope.
Press it. Finish.

Monday, April 12, 2010

Procedure Text

Procedure Text

A procedure text generally has a generic structure as follows :

  • Title,
  • Classification or Definition
  • Description of Features in order of importance,
  • List of Materials (optional), and
  • Series of steps sequenced in logical order

Some sociocultural functions of Procedure text are to give instructions, to give cautions, and to tell time sequences. For instructions and cautions, the language features which are often used are imperative verbs, while sequencers like first, next, then and finally are often used for the time sequences. Sometimes procedure text is also provided with diagrams, flow charts, or ilustrations.

Here is an example of Procedure text, please pay attention to its generic structure.

Text organisation

Language features


Making a Kite


Things You Need

3 pieces of cane (2x60 cm; 1x80 cm)


Large sheet of strong paper (e.g. tissue)

Soft pencil


Paint and paint brush


Stong string

Precise information

how long?

how many?

what type?

what type?


What to do

The Frame

1. dampen cane to make flexible

2. Carefully, bend cane to desired shape then tie securely with thread.

The Covering

3. Lay frame on sheet of paper

4. Trace around frame with pencil

5. Cut covering approx. 1 cm larger than outline.

6. Paint bird on covering (e.g. owl)

7. When paint is dry, place frame on linking word painted side. Now fold edges of covering over the frame carefully, and glue them down.

The Bridle

8. Cut 3 pieces of string, each 20 cm long.

9. Secure one end of each string tightly to frame at the shoulders and tail of the bird. Then tie the other ends in a knot.




With what?


action verbs