Friday, May 21, 2010

The Present Continuous Tense


Study the sentences below:

I am sitting under a palm tree.
Tika and Lusi are walking on the sand.
She is busy taking pictures.

The Pattern :

Thursday, May 20, 2010



Whales are sea-living mammals.
They therefore breathe air but cannot survive on land. Some species are very large indeed and the blue whale, which can exceed 30m in length, is the largest animal to have lived on earth. Superficially, the whale looks rather like a fish, but there are important differences in its external structure: its tail consists of a pair of broad, flat, horizontal paddles (the tail of a fish is vertical) and it has a single nostril on top of its large, broad head. The skin is smooth and shiny and beneath it lies a layer of fat (blubber). This is up to 30 cm in thickness and serves to concerve heat and body fluids.

Tuesday, May 18, 2010

Lost Notice

                     DOG LOST

Brown male dog, named Bobo, lost on Sunday, 2
January at Simpang Lima.
If you find this dog, please call 0248448082
(Reward will be given)

Saturday, May 15, 2010

Greeting Card Examples

--> -->

Dear Aunty,

Thank you very much for the bag. It’s very cute. I like the model. 
And I love the colurs, too.
                                                                  With love,

                                                                  15 August 2007

Friday, May 14, 2010

Greeting Card

People often write cards to congratulate. Here are some examples!

Dear Lisa,

       Congratulations on your winning the first prize of the English debate
       competition. I learned about it from your Mom.


Tuesday, May 4, 2010

Monday, May 3, 2010

Sunday, May 2, 2010

Name Card

Personal information form

Surname               : Suhandoko
First name             : Gati
Age                       : 12 years old
Date of birth         : 4 June 1996
Nationality           : Indonesian.
Address                : Jalan Sumatera 33, Semarang.
Phone number      : 563640.

Saturday, May 1, 2010

What is Postcard?

A  postcard  is  a  card  for  sending  messages  by  post  with an envelope.
Postcards often have a picture or photograph on one side.
Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (Hornby, 2002)

Here is an example of a postcard:

                                                                       Kuta, March 20, 2008

Dear Sari,
        I arrived in Bali 2 days ago. It is a wonderful place. The beaches are
nice. The hotel is right on the beach.  I  toured  the  island  yesterday  and
brought some souvenirs for friends in Surabaya. I’ll be back on Sunday.
Well, that’s all for now.
Regards for your family.

Wednesday, April 28, 2010

Tuesday, April 27, 2010

Monday, April 26, 2010

Wednesday, April 21, 2010

An Example of Report Text

Here is an example of Report Text. Please, analyze the generic structure.
Generic Structure
General classification
Computers are machines that handle information automatically. They can perform calculations and process data. Computers can work with number to solve problems in a few seconds. Computers can remember a great deal of information and make practically no mistakes. That is why computers are widely used in places such as banks, offices and companies.
Description of How computer work
Description of computer parts and their functions
Computers work like calculators. But most calculations can do only one thing at time. We tell them what to do by pressing various buttons. To do the same work, we can give a series of instructions to a computer. We call this is a computer program. If we step up a program, the computer can provide other information, such as a list, numbers, letters, words or even graphs or pictures. Once we provide a program, the computer can do all this work automatically without further help or instruction.
A computer stores and handles numbers. The numbers may be mathematicall formulas or columns figures. The numbers may be codes that stand for letters of the alphabet, words or instructions to the computer.
All computers have three basic parts:
1. input and output units (I/O). The input unit takes in the information and instructions, and the output unit gives the results.
2. A central processing unit (CPU). This unit does the work of computing.
3. A memory. It stores or remembers the informations and instructions that the CPU needs to do the work.
I/O. One of them is video-terminal. The video terminal has a typewriter like keyboards and screen like television screen. We can see the output of the computer on the screen. If we need a permanent record of a computer’s output, a printer will make it. And if the computer’s main memory can not hold enough information, magnetic disk or tapes can be used for this purpose. The computer then can turn the information stored on the disks or tapes into numbers or letters.

Tuesday, April 20, 2010

Report Text

Report text functions to provide factual information about general characteristics of a certain thing, living or non-living thing. Information Reports classify and describe the phenomena of our world. This text is different from Descriptive text, which functions to give detail informations about a certain thing but not for generalizing it. This kind of text is used almost in every subject at school, so the competence to make or to understand this kind of text is an important part to develop the literate competence of the students at school. As the result, the teaching of this text does not only influence on the English literate development at school but also in other languages, even in their mother language.
The generic structure of a Report text is :
  • General Classification : tells what the phenomenon under discussion is.
  • Description : tells what the phenomenon under discussion is like in terms of - parts (and their functions)
- qualities
- habits or behaviours, if living; uses, if non-natural

Tuesday, April 13, 2010

Procedure Text

Let’s make a birthday card. Here is the paper for you to share. You can choose different colours.
We will make the card first, then the envelope.
Let’s start. Cut the paper.
You can draw a picture on it.
What picture do you like? A candle, balloon, or a flower
Next, we are going to make the envelope.
Take another piece of paper, and then fold.
Finished? Show me your envelope, please.
Then put some glue on your envelope.
Press it. Finish.

Monday, April 12, 2010

Procedure Text

Procedure Text

A procedure text generally has a generic structure as follows :

  • Title,
  • Classification or Definition
  • Description of Features in order of importance,
  • List of Materials (optional), and
  • Series of steps sequenced in logical order

Some sociocultural functions of Procedure text are to give instructions, to give cautions, and to tell time sequences. For instructions and cautions, the language features which are often used are imperative verbs, while sequencers like first, next, then and finally are often used for the time sequences. Sometimes procedure text is also provided with diagrams, flow charts, or ilustrations.

Here is an example of Procedure text, please pay attention to its generic structure.

Text organisation

Language features


Making a Kite


Things You Need

3 pieces of cane (2x60 cm; 1x80 cm)


Large sheet of strong paper (e.g. tissue)

Soft pencil


Paint and paint brush


Stong string

Precise information

how long?

how many?

what type?

what type?


What to do

The Frame

1. dampen cane to make flexible

2. Carefully, bend cane to desired shape then tie securely with thread.

The Covering

3. Lay frame on sheet of paper

4. Trace around frame with pencil

5. Cut covering approx. 1 cm larger than outline.

6. Paint bird on covering (e.g. owl)

7. When paint is dry, place frame on linking word painted side. Now fold edges of covering over the frame carefully, and glue them down.

The Bridle

8. Cut 3 pieces of string, each 20 cm long.

9. Secure one end of each string tightly to frame at the shoulders and tail of the bird. Then tie the other ends in a knot.




With what?


action verbs

Saturday, March 20, 2010

An Example of Recount Text

Here is an example of Recount Text. Please, analyze the generic structure.
This is a letter of an elementary student for her grandparents.
Generic Structure

Dear Granpa and Grandma,
Yesterday at my school we had an International Day. We had performances, food stalls, displays, raffle ticket draw, and some of us were dressed in costumes.

Event 1

Event 2

Event 3

Event 4

Event 5

We started our day off with performances but the one I liked best was the one from fourth grade. We played games. The performance I was in was Lambada.

Straight after our performances we had our lunch. There were food stalls. They came from Australia, Asia, Arab, and Greece.
Everyone had a job. These people were from sixth grade. I did my job after I had lunch. My job was to sell Intenational Day Books.
We had displyas in the hall. These displays were good but I didn’t get to see them. They displays came from a lot of countries.
There were also a Trash and Treasure stall where they sold toys. The school got these things by asking the children to bring them in.
Although I didn’t win anything, International Day was still fun.
Love from Sue

Related topic
  1. An Example of Recount Text
  2. Kinds of Recount

Thursday, March 11, 2010



Join the extracurricular programms at school.

Feel free to choose your favourite program.

Don’t miss out. Enjoy yourself.

Head of OSIS

Wednesday, March 10, 2010


Good morning, class.

Join our choir rehearsal every Saturday at 12.30 in the school hall.

All are invited.

Thank you

Saturday, March 6, 2010

Spoken Note

Morning class. Listen.
Time for the test.
Prepare a piece of paper.
Write your name on the top of the paper.
Remember. Don’t make any noise.

Friday, March 5, 2010

What is note?

A note is a short informal written message.

(Oxford Concise Dictionary 10th Edition)

Here is an example of note :


I won’t be home until late.

Grandpa is in the hospital.

Lunch is on the table. Help yourself.

Wash the dishes.

Water the plants in the front garden.



Friday, February 26, 2010

Narrative Text

The Mouse, the Frog, and the Hawk

A Mouse who always lived on the land, by an unlucky chance, formed an intimate acquaintance with a Frog, who lived, for the most part, in the water.

One day, the Frog was intent on mischief. He tied the foot of the Mouse tightly to his own. Thus joined together, the Frog led his friend the Mouse to the meadow where they usually searched for food.
After this, he gradually led him towards the pond in which he lived, until reaching the banks of the water, he suddenly jumped in, dragging the Mouse with him.

The Frog enjoyed the water amazingly, and swam croaking about, as if he had done a good deed. The unhappy Mouse was soon sputtered and drowned in the water, and his poor dead body floating about on the surface.
A Hawk observed the foating Mouse from the sky, and dove down and grabbed it with his talons, carrying it back to his nest. The Frog, being still fastened to the leg of the Mouse, was also carried off a prisoner, and was eaten by the Hawk.

"Choose your allies carefully"

Wednesday, February 24, 2010

Narrative Text

Principally, to tell a story means to make other people “enjoy, listen to, and think” the things we tell about. According to Derewianka (1990), the main goal of telling a story is to entertain, to get and to pay the attention of the readers or the listeners for what we tell them. However, telling a story can also have a function to educate or to inform, to express the author’s reflection about his experiences, and the last but not at least is to arouse the readers imagination.In our daily activities, we often tell something to our friends or our family, don’t we? We tell good news at our school or in our neighborhood, we also read or listen to news or story from others, we tell everything to friends, family and our relatives.
There are some kinds of narrative text. Narrative text is usually imaginative, but sometimes can be factual (really happened). Those belong to narrative text among others are fairy stories, mysteries, science fictions, romaines, horrors etc.
How is narrative text composed? Or what is the generic structure of Narrative text? Generally, a Narrative starts with Orientation, where the writer describes “the world” of his story. In this phase, the readers are acquainted to the characters or the participants of the story, and sometimes they are informed where and when the story took place. An atmosphere is created to make the readers curious to follow the story. Orientation can be shortly written, or can also be some pages of length.
In the middle of a narrative there will be a complication or a problem. Complication will make the story more interesting to enjoy, because on this phase the characters will face some handicaps to achieve their goals. Complication reflects reality life, and it makes the readers sure that there are always resolutions for any problems.
A good narrative gives a resolution for the complication. The resolution will finish the complication, even though there are also stories which let the readers think about the end of the stories or how the stories are resolved.
So we can conclude that the generic structure of a narrative text is :
Orientation (the beginning or introduction) introduces main characters, setting and time.
Complication ( middle ): the problem happens among the characters.
Resolution (ending) : the problem is resolved.
A narrative text usually has moral value.
Based on the significant lexical grammatical, here are the characteristics of Narrative text :
• A specific participant, sometimes can be individual
• Uses many action verb (material processes) and also verbal and mental processes
• Often uses past tense
• Uses many linking words related to time
• Uses dialogues so the tense can be possibly changed
• Descriptive language is used to create imagination in the mind of the readers
• Can be written as the first person (I), or the third person (He, She, They). The use of the singular second person (you) is often used in the story of “choose-your-own-adventure”.

Monday, February 8, 2010

Cultural Notes

1.     About meals in Britain. The main meal of the day for most British people is the evening meal. Seven out of ten families with chidren sit down at a table for their weekday evening meal. What about Indonesian people? Which meal is the main meal of the day? 

2.     The U.S. government have strict rules about what things you can throw into the garbage and what things you cannot. People who break the rules have to pay large fines. What about in Indonesia?

Sunday, February 7, 2010

Simple Sentence Using Be (Present)

I am busy.
You are tired.
She is sad.

(am, is, are)

Make your own sentences using S + be!